Title Tuna el-Gebel Gallery C (A-31)
Type Astronomical Representation
Decan List Family AR1
EAT3 Number and Name 40 Hermopolis A, central part
EAT3 Pages and Plates 54-56, Pl 26
EAT3 Decan List Family Some similarities with Senmut noted
Publications Gabra (1939)Projekt Tuna el-Gebel, Schlüter (2015)
Location In situ; Baboon Chamber G-C-A-31 in the animal catacombs, Tuna el-Gebel
Date Ptolemaic, time of Ptolemy I
Registers 2
Circumpolar Group and Deities Yes: 9 figures behind hippo; 7 preserved opposite

Superior:  Jupiter, Saturn (as label only), Mars

Inferior:  Venus, (Mercury omitted)

Decan Names Yes: only three are readable
Decanal Stars Yes
Personifications of the Decans No, unless the first two figures are taken to be personifications
Cluster Numbers No
Depictions of Decanal Constellations Yes
Decanal Deity Names None preserved
Decanal Deity Figures Yes: (Isis) plus the first two figures may be deities of decans
Lunar Months No
Civil Months No
Nut Yes

This astronomical representation is the middle part of a ceiling in the animal catacombs.  It is flanked by two decanal processions which contain decan names which follow a different tradition to this central part.

The head of Nut is to the west (left in the schematic below).  At her feet are goddesses of the east and west.  Her head, the beginning of the decan list, and all of the attendant deities opposite the hippo have now been lost.


 40HermopolisAinner schematic

Legend for Schematic
C Circumpolar constellations
A Attendant circumpolar deities
D Decans
P Planets
N The sky-goddess Nut
X Other cosmic deities
  Damaged area
 Hippo symbol

Location and orientation of the circumpolar hippo

 Human symbol 

Indicates the starting point and directionality of list or procession of figures

Decan List

Only three decan labels are noted, however the missing parts of the list are represented by depictions of decanal constellations.  The list below gives an approximate layout for how the decans, decanal deities, and decanal figures (in bold) are arranged.  However, the only way of perceiving the complete layout and orthography of the labels is by consulting photographs or drawings. 

35 sAH Sahu
Isis, 36 spdt Sopdet
SP1 wp-StA {DA}<sbA> rsy <n> pt Planet
SP2 <Hr-kA-pt> iAbty sbA  
SP3 Hr-{t}<d>Sr rn=f Planet
IP2 DA b<a>H, Osiris Benu

The decan numbers and letters shown here are for the decan family AR1

SP = superior planet

IP = inferior planet

Grey shading = damage

< > = omitted but understood

{ } = included in error

The number of star symbols accompanying the decans is also omitted here, as it is often impossible to tell to which decan the symbols refer.  EAT3 deals with star symbols in some detail.