Title Tomb of Senenmut
Type Astronomical Representation
Decan List Family AR1
EAT3 Number and Name 2 Senmut
EAT3 Pages and Plates 10-12, Pl 1 (northern half), EAT 1 Pl 24 (southern half), Pl 25 (photograph)
EAT3 Decan List Family Senmut
Publications Pogo, 1930; Dorman, 1991; von Spaeth (2000); Belmonte and Shaltout, 2007
Location In situ; Ceiling of burial chamber in the tomb of Senenmut, TT 353, Deir el-Bahri, Theban Necropolis
Date 18th dynasty, time of Thutmose III
Registers 2
Circumpolar Group and Deities Yes: 9 figures behind hippo; 7 (plus one smaller, unlabelled figure) opposite

Superior:  Jupiter, Saturn (Mars is omitted)

Inferior:  Mercury, Venus

Decan Names Yes
Decanal Stars Yes
Personifications of the Decans No
Cluster Numbers Yes
Depictions of Decanal Constellations Yes
Decanal Deity Names Yes
Decanal Deity Figures No
Lunar Months Yes: 12 circles labelled with the names of the lunar months
Civil Months No
Nut No

This is the earliest surviving astronomical diagram in Egypt.  It is not, however, the first or original source for all others:  the general layout and composition of astronomical representations was establish by the early Middle Kingdom at the latest.

The ceiling is painted, not carved, and the background is light not dark blue.  It differs from most other two-register representations by having both registers follow the same orientation (stacked) rather than being back-to-back.  The lunar month circles are an obvious and unique feature.



Legend for Schematic
C Circumpolar group of constellations
A Circumpolar attendant deities
D Decans
P Planets
M Lunar months (circles and labels)
 Hippo symbol

Location and orientation of the circumpolar hippo

 Human symbol 

Indicates the starting point and directionality of list or procession of figures

Decan List

The list gives an approximate layout for how the decans, deities, cluster labels (x-nwt Xt), and decanal figures (in bold) are arranged.  However, the only way of perceiving the complete layout and orthography of the labels is by consulting photographs, drawings, or the original.  For conventions and abbreviations, see below the table. 

This decan list is used as the archetype for a family of over twenty astronomical representations.  Neugebauer and Parker call the list "the Senmut list" and the astronomical representations which that this list "the Senmut family".  Characteristic features of the decan and planet list are:  the exclusion of the superior planet Mars (SP3), the order of the Sahu decans, and the omission of decan 34 rmn sAH.

tpy-a knmt Hapy, Imseti       
3 Xry xpd knmt, 2 knmt Isis
4 HAt DAt, 5 pHwy DAt Duamutef, Children <of Horus>
6 TmAt Hrt, 7 TmAt Xrt Duamutef
8 wSAti, 9 bkAti Duamutef, Hapy
10 tpy-a xntt, 11 xntt Hrt Horus
12 xntt Xrt Seth Boat
13 Tms n xntt Horus
14 sApti xnwy Isis, Nephthys
15 Hry-ib wiA Seth
16 sSmw Seth
17 knmw Children of Horus
18 tpy-a smd Horus
19 smd Hapy Sheep
20 sit Isis, 3-nwt Xt
21 sAwy sit Duamutef
22 Xry xpd srt Kebehsenuf     
23 tpy-a Ax<wy> Duamutef
24 Axw<y> Duamutef, Kebehsenuf
25 bAw<y> Hapy, Imseti
26 xntw Hr<w>, 27 <xntw> Xrw Children of Horus, 4-nwt Xt


6-nwt Xt

28 qd, 29 sAwy qd Hapy, Kebeh<senuf>
30 xAw Children of Horus, 5-nwt Xt
33 Xry rmn sAH Children of Horus Sahu
35 {Xry rmn} sAH Osiris
Stars of Sahu
31 art Eye of Horus
32 Hry rmn sAH Children of Horus
36 spdt Isis Sopdet
SP1 Hr-tAS-tAwy rn=f rsy pt sbA Planet
SP2 Hr-kA-pt DA pt iAbty sbA Planet
Stwy Hapy, <Duamut>ef Turtles
nsrw Imseti, Xt -pw      
sSpt Eyes of Horus
E abSs Horus, D hpds
nTr wAS Duamutef
IP1 sbg Seth
IP2 DA baH
Osiris Benu

The decan numbers and letters shown here are for the decan family AR1

SP = superior planet

IP = inferior planet

Grey shading = damage

< > = omitted but understood

{ } = included in error

The number of star symbols accompanying the decans is also omitted here, as it is often impossible to tell to which decan the symbols refer.  EAT3 deals with star symbols in some detail.